Citation Styles and Plagiarism

Citation Styles

There are many different types of citation styles, each specifying a format for notes and bibliographies. Which style to use is determined by your instructor, or (if you are writing for publication) by the journal or publisher. The following are three of the most commonly used citation styles at Barnard:

  • APA (American Psychological Association) style is used primarily by students and scholars in the social sciences.
  • Chicago Manual of Style was developed by the Chicago University Press, and is used by students and scholars working in history.
  • MLA (Modern Language Association) style is used by students and scholars in the liberal arts and humanities.

Citation Guides


In Print

Bibliographic Software

Store your references conveniently, and cite them in papers and bibliographies using any citation style you choose. Not sure which one is best for you? Check out Which Citation Tool Should I Use?

Plagiarism: What it is and How to Avoid it