This page highlights key resources for conducting effective research for in International Relations.
If you need assistance identifying additional resources, search terms or strategies, please schedule a research consultation.
If you need assistance organizing, analyzing, or visualizing data sets, please visit the Empirical Research Center (ERC).
Consult scholarly reference sources and annual reviews to get an overview of a topic, an introduction to a theory, definitions to discipline-specific terms, and more.
- Annual Review of Political Science is great for getting comprehensive summaries of research on specific topics in the field. Look at the bibliographies to lead you to the original works cited.
- Encyclopedia of International Relations and Global Politics
- Encyclopedia of Political Science
- Encyclopedia of Political Theory
- Encyclopedia of Social Theory
- Handbook of Global Security Policy
- Handbook of International Relations
- International Encyclopedia of Political Science
CLIO is the online catalog of the Columbia University Libraries, including Barnard Library, but excluding Teachers College and some information from the Law Library. Search the Catalog for book and media materials.
If you know exactly what book (journal, video, etc.) you are looking for, you can search by Title, Author, ISBN, etc.
To find items about a specific topic, first try a keyword search in All Fields.
Use "quotation marks" to search for an exact phrase: "cyber security".
Use * for truncation (to find variant spellings and endings of a word): wom*n will find woman, women, womyn; activis* will find activism, activist, activists, etc.
For more complex search, use AND and OR:
AND finds records which have all the search terms you entered.
OR finds records which have one of the search terms you entered, as well as records which have more than one of the terms. OR finds MORE.
For more help with using AND and OR, check our guide to advanced/Boolean keyword searching.
Use parentheses to group terms: "international relations" AND (bio-politics OR biopolitics)
Subject headings: If you find a book that's relevant, look at its subject headings in CLIO and click through to find more related works.
Find books and other materials in other libraries:
- Pegasus: This is the catalog of the Columbia Law Library - try searching here if your research involves legal texts.
- WorldCat: Search for items in libraries worldwide.
- Request items from other libraries through Borrow Direct or interlibrary loan (ILL).
For off-campus access to library online resources, remember to follow the links from CLIO or this research guide. You can also use the proxy bookmarklet.
Database search tips:
- The general search tips for CLIO also apply to the article databases.
- If you find an article or a book that is relevant, the bibliography/works cited page can be a useful road map to other relevant literature that was previously published.
- If you find an article or a book that is relevant, you can use Google Scholar and some other databases to find out whether it was cited by other scholars after it was published. Search for the title of an article/monograph and search and click on "Cited by" to generate a list of publications that have referenced that source.
- In most databases, you can narrow your results to scholarly publications only. Look for "limit to ... scholarly publications/peer-reviewed/refereed publications only" or similar language. This will help you find articles from journals that have gone through a rigorous peer review process.
Recommended Scholarly Databases:
- CIAO (Columbia International Affairs Online) provides working papers, research reports, policy briefs and more from university research institutes, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and foundations. This is a good place to look for analysis of recent events and current situations.
- Contemporary Women's Issues provides full text access to information about women in over 190 countries, including journal and magazine articles, research reports, and fact sheets.
- GenderWatch includes full text from contemporary scholarly journals, magazines, newspapers, newsletters, regional publications, books, booklets and pamphlets, conference proceedings, and government, NGO and special reports.
- Google Scholar is very useful for seeing if a book, article, etc. has been cited by other scholars. Search on the title, and then follow the "Cited by ..." link.
- International Political Science Abstracts (IPSA) provides citations and abstracts for political science journal articles and yearbooks, including literature in the field of international affairs.
- JSTOR provides the full text of back issues from core scholarly journals in political science and other fields in the humanities and social sciences from the earliest issues to within a few years of current publication. Please note that, generally, this database does not include issues published in the last few years. You can search just the political science journals in JSTOR by using the Advanced Search "NARROW BY DISCIPLINE AND/OR JOURNAL" feature.
- PAIS Index features public affairs research, including references to journal articles, books, government documents, statistical sources, research reports, conference proceedings, and publications of international agencies.
- Worldwide Political Science Abstracts contains abstracts of books, scholarly journal articles, and major news magazine articles covering North American and international politics.
Related Scholarly Journals:
- American Journal of International Law
- American Journal of Political Science
- American Political Science Review
- Annual Review of Political Science
- European Journal of International Law
- European Journal of International Relations
- Global Governance
- Human Rights Quarterly
- Journal of Conflict Resolution
- International Affairs
- International Organization
- International Peacekeeping
- International Security
- International Studies Perspectives
- Political Science Quarterly
- RUSI Journal
- Security Studies
- World Politics
For current/recent events analysis, consult news sources such as the following:
- BBC (also see Lexis Nexis Academic for broadcast transcripts)
- Economist (NOTE: For access to articles published before 2000, check out other options in the CLIO catalog record).
- Financial Times (NOTE: To access the Financial Times database you must register for an account. Use your Columbia e-mail [not Barnard!] when registering for a Financial Times account.)
- Foreign Affairs
- Foreign Policy
- New York Times (NOTE: This link will give you free access to the New York Times via ProQuest. Use this to find content if you’ve used up your ten free articles a month on the paper’s website. For more online access options, check out the CLIO catalog record.)
- Wall Street Journal (NOTE: This link will give you free access to the Washington Post via ProQuest. Use this to find content if you hit a paywall on the paper’s website. For more online access options, check out the CLIO catalog record.)
- Washington Post (NOTE: This link will give you free access to the Washington Post via ProQuest. With your .edu email address, you also can get free access to content on the paper’s website. For more online access options, check out the CLIO catalog record.)
- The Washington Quarterly
- World Policy Journal
- World Politics Review
Additional news sources can be found in various databases:
AllAfrica.com posts over 700 stories daily in English and French and offers a diversity of multi-lingual streaming programming as well as a 400,000-article searchable archive (which includes the archive of Africa News Service dating from 1997). Fully accessible ONLY on campus.
- Alt-Press Watch provides full text articles from over 210 alternative and press publications, including newspapers, magazines and journals.
- Ethnic newsWatch provides full text articles from newspapers and periodicals published by the ethnic, minority and native press in the U.S. back to 1960.
- Factiva contains thousands of national and foreign newspapers sources. Note the "Translate article" feature. It can be a little tricky to use - check out the Factiva Learning YouTube Tutorials, especially Factiva Search Builder and Viewing Your Factiva Results.
- Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) Daily Reports provides full text translations of newspaper articles, radio and television broadcasts, non-classified technical reports, conference proceedings, and local media sources from around the world. This database covers 1941-1996; coverage from 1996 to the present is available in World News Connection, described below.
- LexisNexis Academic contains access to hundreds of information sources including the full text of newspapers, magazines, wire services, newsletters, journals, and broadcast transcripts from around the world.
- Mideastwire.com offers a daily email newsletter of concise, translated briefs covering some of the key political, cultural, economic and opinion pieces appearing via the print, radio and television media of the 22 Arab countries, Iran and the Arab Diaspora.
- ProQuest Newspapers has articles from U.S. national newspapers, international English-language newspapers, and selected regional/state newspapers. Chronological coverage of individual newspapers varies.
- World News Connection is the continuation of FBIS Daily Reports, above. It provides full text translations of newspaper articles, radio and television broadcasts, non-classified technical reports, conference proceedings, and local media sources from around the world. This database covers 1996 to 2013; coverage from 1941 to 1996 is available in Foreign Broadcast Information Service (FBIS) Daily Reports, described above.
Other news tips:
- Armed Conflict Database covers international and internal conflicts, as well as terrorism, including information on refugees and returnees, internally displaced persons, weapons used and their flows, fatalities, costs, historical backgrounds, and timelines. Users can generate reports, download data, and browse through year-by-year analysis and fact sheets online.
- Comparative Agendas Project (CAP) assembles and codes information on the policy processes of governments from around the world, allowing users to investigate trends in policy-making across time and between countries. It classifies policy activities into a single, universal and consistent coding scheme. CAP monitors policy processes by tracking the actions that governments take in response to the challenges they face. These activities can take many different forms, including debating a problem, delivering speeches, (e.g. the Queen’s speech in the United Kingdom), holding hearings, introducing or enacting laws (e.g. Bills and Public Laws in the United States) or issuing judicial rulings (e.g. rulings from the European Court of Justice).
- CountryWatch provides comprehensive and up-to-date political, economic, cultural, business, and environmental information. Country Wire provides daily country-specific news.
- CQ Homeland Security provides real-time daily news and analysis on the latest homeland security spending and policy issues, such as border security, technology, local response, infrastructure and transportation. It also provides legislative tracking, bill language, committee reports, transcripts, testimony, the Federal Register and important reference documents, all linked through a single search tool.
- Data Portals is a comprehensive list of open data portals in the world. It is curated by a group of leading open data experts from around the world - including representatives from local, regional and national governments, international organisations such as the World Bank, and numerous NGOs.
- EUI (Economist Intelligence Unit) provides country reports with various economic data, statistics, news, and analysis.
- Harvard Dataverse, housed at the Institute for Quantitative Social Science (IQSS) at Harvard, claims to host the world's largest collection of social science research. It holds data from many researchers and institutions in addition to Harvard.
- ICPSR: Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research is one of the largest repositories for social science data in the world. Among the many topics covered, you will find statistics on crime, education, demographics, elections, religion, and much more.
- International Monetary Fund (IMF) Data and Statistics includes a range of data on IMF lending over time, historical exchange rates, and other economic and financial information.
- Janes provides news and analysis on global security and defense issues. The country studies have facts and data for UN-recognized countries.
- Joint Electronic Library contains full text of joint doctrine publications, plus other Department of Defense (DOD) publications, including the DOD Dictionary, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Directives (CJCS) Directives, and issues of Joint Force Quarterly.
- MacroDataGuide from the Norwegian Centre for Research Data is a user’s guide to researchers and students worldwide in search of high quality data for social science research. It informs not only on which data are out there and where they can be found, it also provides a qualitative assessment of these resources.
- Migration Data Hub provides international & U.S. immigration statistics from the Migration Policy Institute, an independent think tank in Washington, DC.
- OECD iLibrary is a portal for the online publications of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). You can generate data and statistical reports for OECD member countries on a wide range of topics including agriculture, development, economics, education, energy, environment, governance, health migration, science & technology, transportation, and more.
- Quality of Government (QOG) Institute offers a range of datasets to support their research objectives -- to address the theoretical and empirical problem of how political institutions of high quality can be created and maintained and to study the effects of Quality of Government on a number of policy areas, such as health, the environment, social policy, and poverty.
- UNdata includes current and historical statistical data for countries from around the world covering a wide range of economic and socio-demographic topics.
- World Bank DataBank provides access to many World Bank data sets, including World Development Indicators (WDI). WDI contains cross-country comparable statistics about debt, development, economics, education, gender equity, health, and more.
- Need even more data sources? Check out Social Science Data & Statistics Sources.
- Congressional Research Service (CRS) Reports and Issue Briefs are reports to members of Congress on a variety of topics relevant to current political events.
- Digital National Security Archive includes more than 80,000 of the most important declassified documents regarding critical U.S. policy decisions.
- HeinOnline provides a wide variety of official U.S. and foreign government publications, including constitutions, treaties, and international agreements.
- The Pentagon website gives you the official U.S. military viewpoint on issues.
- ProQuest Congressional tracks information and publications produced by the United States Congress from 1789 to the present, including legislative histories and testimony from congressional hearings.
- UN Treaty Collection provides access to over 50,000 full text bilateral and multilateral treaties.
- U.S. Declassified Documents Online (USDDO) provides access to previously classified U.S. government documents, particularly from the executive branch. The majority of the documents are presidential records. You can also find records from the Department of State, Department of Defense, Central Intelligence Agency, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Joint Chiefs of Staff, and other executive agencies. Materials include intelligence studies, policy papers, diplomatic correspondence, cabinet meeting minutes, briefing materials, and domestic surveillance and military reports. NOTE: This resource was previously called Declassified Documents Reference System (DDRS).
- U.S. State Department Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets are written for each nation that the U.S. has relations with and include information about the current status of diplomatic relations, U.S. assistance to that country, bilateral economic relations, that country's membership in international organizations, and information about embassies and ambassadors. They also include links to other fact sheets about the land, people, history, government, political conditions, economy, and foreign relations.
- Barnard guides to citation management provides information about citation practices, style guides, and software programs you can use that help you keep track of your sources and create bibliographies.
- Cite Source presents information about how to cite various sources in a visual way, and they offer guidance on citing tricky source like government agency reports, House and Senate committee debates and hearings, and other. Check out the source help for APA, APSA, Chicago, and MLA styles.
- The Craft of Research is an online book that can help guide you through the full research process.
- Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) has lots of general and subject-specific writing tips and techniques, along with research advice and detailed citation and formatting standards for the APA, Chicago, and MLA styles.
- SAGE Research Methods provides a comprehensive picture of research methods (quantitative, qualitative and mixed methods) across the social and behavioral sciences. It includes more than 100,000 pages of SAGE book and reference material on research methods as well as editorially selected material from SAGE journals.
- Search log to help you keep track of your search strings & results in various resources. Copy and edit to suit your needs.
Academic Commons is Columbia University's digital repository where faculty, students, and staff of Columbia and its affiliate institutions can deposit the results of their scholarly work and research. Content in Academic Commons is freely available to the public. To deposit your research, please use the self-deposit form.
- Cornell International Affairs Review (Cornell University)
The Cornell International Affairs Review (CIAR) is a bi-annual, student-run journal that publishes academic papers from undergraduate students, post-graduate students, experts, and professors in a wide range of fields with a focus on contemporary issues in the international arena.
- Columbia University Journal of Politics and Society (Columbia University)
The Helvidius Group is a student organization at Columbia University, established in 1989 by Peter Tomassi, CC ’91, to provide a forum for undergraduate discourse on issues concerning law and public policy. The Journal of Politics & Society is the realization of that mission. Originally an annual magazine distributed to Ivy League universities and to members of Congress, it has adopted a more scholarly focus and has grown to encompass all of the social sciences. The Journal is not affiliated with or sponsored by any political organization, and it remains staunchly nonpartisan.
- Critical Theory and Social Justice Journal of Undergraduate Research (Occidental College)
CTSJ is dedicated to providing a forum for undergraduate students to develop and share critical research and writing on the intersections of "race", "sexuality", and "nationality" as they relate to problems of social justice. The journal seeks to foster exchange of ideas across disciplines and deepen understandings of systems of injustice, and in this way advances the mission of Occidental College: to develop critical, thoughtful, and active participation in an increasingly pluralistic and conflict ridden global culture.
- Critique: A Worldwide Student Journal of Politics (Illinois State University)
Critique is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes scholarship by students of political science. The journal, which is recognized by American Political Science Association (APSA), accepts submissions from all the subfields of political science. The articles submitted to Critique undergo a rigorous peer-review process. The journal provides a forum for graduate and undergraduate students of political science to express and exchange diverse ideas and to imagine new possibilities for democracy and justice. They welcome the work of emerging scholars on cutting-edge topics. The editors firmly believe that budding scholars introduce valuable ideas that must be heard in order to understand the nature of political institutions, behavior, and the global community. Thus, they encourage articles about politics that take seriously the growing opportunities for social change and new possibilities for enacting policy locally, nationally, and internationally.
- The Dialectics: Journal of Law, Leadership, and Society (Pennsylvania State University – Abington)
The Dialectics: Journal of Law, Leadership, and Society is a refereed, multidisciplinary electronic publication. The Journal’s aim is to promote undergraduate scholarship and to encourage students to pursue and engage in thoughtful discourses on topics of societal importance. To date, The Dialectics has published the works of 63 authors, representing 30 universities in the United States and abroad.
- Eleven (University of California, Berkeley)
Eleven: The Undergraduate Journal of Sociology publishes excellent sociological papers written by current and recent UC Berkeley undergraduates, as well as undergraduates from across the nation and countries such as Canada and Norway. A student-run publication, the journal provides an academic forum that highlights outstanding scholarship in the social sciences. In the spirit of Marx’s Eleventh Thesis on Feuerbach that mandates one to engender constructive change, the journal offers opportunities for an intellectual space that encourages critical engagement with the world.
- Inquiries (Jamaica Plain, MA)
Inquiries Journal, formerly Student Pulse, is an open-access academic journal that highlights the work of students at the undergraduate level and above. The journal publishes work across a range of academic disciplines with a particular focus on the social sciences, arts, and humanities.
- International Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities (Pacific University and Central Washington University)
International Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities is a peer-reviewed, open access journal dedicated to the publication of outstanding scholarship by undergraduates and their mentors from academic institutions of higher learning. The Journal accepts submissions of research articles, fiction, poetry, photography, videos, and other creative works from undergraduate students in all academic disciplines. Submissions are accepted on a rolling basis and will be published on the Journal website after successful review.
- Journal of Integrated Social Sciences (California Lutheran University)
Journal of Integrated Social Sciences is a web-based, peer-reviewed journal committed to the scholarly investigation of social phenomena. We especially encourage students and their faculty advisors to submit the results of their investigations. NOTE: As of November 11, 2016, they are NOT currently accepting submissions from the field of political science.
- Journal of Undergraduate Research and Scholarly Excellence (Colorado State University)
JUR publishes extraordinary undergraduate work in an easily accessible and professional peer-reviewed journal. Our mission is to print outstanding undergraduate research, scholarly articles, and creative works in order to make them available to the public and connect the worldwide community of college undergraduates.
- On Our Terms (Barnard College)
On Our Terms is an online, peer-reviewed, academic journal of women and leadership. Produced under the auspices of the Athena Center for Leadership Studies at Barnard College, this publication features scholarship by undergraduates from across the globe seeking to enhance our generation’s discourse on the theme. We are a journal created for students, by students, and our goal is to provide a platform for student thought, debate, and voice through the publication of original academic articles and multimedia pieces.
- Pi Sigma Alpha Undergraduate Journal of Politics (Oakland University)
The Pi Sigma Alpha Undergraduate Journal of Politics was founded in the spring of 2001 by the Delta Omega Chapter of Pi Sigma Alpha at Purdue University, under the name The American Undergraduate Journal of Politics and Government. With the sponsorship of Pi Sigma Alpha, the National Political Science Honor Society, the name of the Journal was changed to The Pi Sigma Alpha Undergraduate Journal of Politics beginning with the Fall 2004 issue. From July 2007 until July 2010 the Journal was based at the Zeta Upsilon Chapter at Union College, and in August 2010 moved to the Eta Rho Chapter at the College of William & Mary. In August 2013, the Nu Omega Chapter at Oakland University began hosting the Journal for a three year term.
- Pittsburgh Undergraduate Review (University of Pittsburgh)
The purpose of the Pittsburgh Undergraduate Review is to advance independent undergraduate scholarship. The PUR aims to bring research to the forefront of undergraduate awareness. By presenting provocative ideas, the PUR catalyzes further intellectual innovations and pursuits, thereby energizing the academic community.
- Spaces Between: an Undergraduate Feminist Journal (U. Alberta)
Spaces Between is a student-run, student-written, peer reviewed undergraduate journal. This publication is a forum for undergraduate students to publish their work in Women’s and Gender Studies as well as feminist research and writing within other disciplines. Spaces Between is wide in scope: we welcome research and writing that critically engages with gender, sexuality, race, class, (dis)ability, nation, imperialism, (de)colonization, and globalization.
- Stanford Undergraduate Research Journal (Stanford University)
The Stanford Undergraduate Research Journal (SURJ) is an annual peer-reviewed publication of research articles written primarily by Stanford undergraduates, but also by well-qualified students at other institutions, from all academic fields.
- Undergraduate Research Journal for the Human Sciences (Kappa Omicron Nu Leadership Academy, MI)
The URC Undergraduate Research Journal is an annual online national, reviewed journal dedicated to the publication of undergraduate student research. The twofold purpose of the journal is to foster and reward the scholarly efforts of undergraduate human sciences students as well as to provide a valuable learning experience. The articles represent primarily the work of the undergraduate student(s). Faculty members who deserve recognition are identified by an asterisk next to their names.
- International Relations Research Guide from Columbia University Libraries
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Last updated February 6, 2018